When we think about Compromise, we think a lot about us and a thought that in this recent world, what what we have to compromise.
But is that true? Does compromise exist in this recent world? No…. It has it’s effect on our history too.
1877 is a year that had a great importance and the word- “Compromise” had a great effect on it.
The Compromise of 1877 is an informal and an unwritten deal that settled the dispute of 1876 U.S President Election. Based on this Compromise, Rutherford B. Hayes(Republican) was awarded White House over Samuel J. Tiden(Democrat). This happened based on the idea that Hayes would remove the federal troop whose support was essential at that moment for the survival of Republican state governments in South Carolina, Florida and Louisiana.
As a result, the outgoing president, Republican Ulysses S. Grant, removed the soldiers from Florida and president, Hayes removed the remaining troops from South Carolina and Louisiana. As soon as the troops left, many white Republicans also left, and the “Redeemer” Democrats took control.
They dominated most of the state government in South. The Black felt betrayed as they lost the power.
The terms that pointed out in the compromise:
- Removal of US troop from the former Confederate States.
- Construction of transcontinental railway using Texas and Pacific
- Atleast one Southern Democratic should be appointed in Hayes’s Cabinet.
- Right to deal with black with no northern interference.
- Help industrialize the South and restore it’s economy following Reconstruction and Civil War.
As a result, Point 1 and 2 were follower where as point 3 and 4 were never enacted.
These are some facts of the Compromise of 1877
Now, let’s find some pictorial illustration of the compromise:
A political cartoon by Joseph Kepplerdepicts Roscoe Conkling as a character Mephistopheles (the Devil) while Rutherford B. Hayes strolls off with the prize of the “Solid South” depicted as a woman. The caption quotes Goethe: “Unto that Power he doth belong Which only doeth Right while ever willing Wrong.”
The Election of 1876 & The End of Reconstruction
Depiction of the beginning of Great Railway Strike
There are lots of interpretation of this Compromise. Some says, it effect a lot in the growth of economy and industry where as some says that there was no effort in railroads or providing aids for improvement.
So, our history too bear a lots of Compromises, we are not alone there.