This term is favourite to most of us. We all love to see photographs and many of us have this as their passion.
But, we often miss the background history or the details of our passion or the thing we love. If we try to know a little more of them, we surely will love it more and can be more creative on it.
So, Photography. It’s is the science, art, application and practice of creating perfect durable images. It’s done by recording light or other electromagnetic radiation.
The word “photography” was created from the Greek words – φωτός (phōtos), genitive of φῶς (phōs), “light” and γραφή (graphé) “representation by means of lines” or “drawing” and together it means “drawing with light”, amazing huh!
This is the result of combining several technical discoveries.
Invention of photography
Around the year 1800, British inventor – Thomas Wedgwood made the first attempt to capture the image in a camera obscura by means of a light-sensitive substance. He used paper or white leather, treated with silver nitrate. He succeeded in capturing the shadows of objects placed on the surface in direct sunlight, he even made shadow copies of paintings on glass. The shadow images eventually darkened all over.
The first permanent photoetching was an image produced in 1822 by the Frenchinventor Nicephore Niepce, but it was destroyed later, in attempting of making prints from it. Niepce was successful again in 1825. In 1826 or 1827, he made the View from the Window at Le Gras, the earliest surviving photograph from nature.
On 19 August 1839, American photographer – Robert Cornelius is credited with taking the earliest surviving photographic self-portrait.
Talbot’s famous tiny paper negative of the Oriel window in Lacock Abbey is one of a number of camera photographs he made in the summer of 1835. It may be the oldest camera negative in existence.
British chemist John Herschel invented the cyanotype process, later familiar as the “blueprint”.
In the March 1851 the Chemist, Frederick Scott Archer published his wet plate collodion process. It became the most widely used photographic medium until the gelatin dry plate, introduced in the 1870s which eventually replaced it.
Many advances in photographic glass plates and printing were made during the rest of the 19th century. In 1891, Gabriel Lippmann introduced a process for making natural-color photographs based on the optical phenomenon of the interference of light waves.Because of the superior dimensional stability of glass, the use of plates for some scientific applications, such as astrophotography, continued into the 1990s, and in the niche field of laser holography, it has persisted into the 2010s.
All photography was black-and-white or monochrome. Even after color film was readily available, black-and-white photography continued to dominate for decades, due to its lower cost and its “classic” photographic look. The tones and contrast between light and dark areas define black-and-white photography.
Let’s have a look on some classic black and white photographs:
Color photography was explored beginning in the 1840s. The first permanent color photograph was taken in 1861 using the three-color-separation principle first published by Scottish physicist James Clerk Maxwell in 1855. Maxwell’s idea was to take three separate black-and-white photographs through red, green and blue filters. This provides the photographer with the three basic channels required to recreate a color image. Transparent prints of the images could be projected through similar color filters and superimposed on the projection screen, an additive method of color reproduction.
Russian photographer – Sergei Mikhailovich Prokudin-Gorskii made extensive use of this color separation technique, employing a special camera which successively exposed the three color-filtered images on different parts of an oblong plate.
The discovery of dye sensitization by photochemist – Hermann Vogel in 1873 suddenly made it possible to add sensitivity to green, yellow and even red.
Autochrome, the first commercially successful color process, was introduced by the Lumière brothers in 1907. Autochrome plates incorporated a mosaic color filter layer made of dyed grains of potato starch. This allowed the three color components to be recorded as adjacent microscopic image fragments.
Autochrome of World War 2
Autochrome of Taj Mahal
Kodachrome, the first modern “integral tripack” (or “monopack”) color film, was introduced by Kodak in 1935. It captured the three color components in a multi-layer emulsion. One layer was sensitized to record the red-dominated part of the spectrum, another layer recorded only the green part and a third recorded only the blue.
Instant color film, used in a special camera which yielded a unique finished color print only a minute or two after the exposure, was introduced by Polaroid in 1963.
After a transition period centered around 1995–2005, color film was relegated to a niche market by inexpensive multi-megapixel digital cameras.
Synthesis photography is part of computer-generated imagery (CGI) where the shooting process is modeled on real photography. The CGI, creating digital copies of real universe, requires a visual representation process of these universes. Synthesis photography is the application of analog and digital photography in digital space.
A large varieties of techniques are present, which includes camera; stereoscopy; dualphotography; full-spectrum, ultraviolet and infrared media; light field photography; and other imaging techniques.
The camera is the image-forming device, and a photographic plate, photographic film or a silicon electronic image sensor is the capture medium. The respective recording medium can be the plate or film itself, or a digital magnetic or electronic memory.
Stereoscopic photography was the first that captured figures in motion. While known colloquially as “3-D” photography, the more accurate term is stereoscopy.
Dualphotography consists of photographing a scene from both sides of a photographic device at once.
Full-spectrum, ultraviolet and infrared
Ultraviolet and infrared films have been available for many decades and employed in a variety of photographic avenues since the 1960s. New technological trends in digital photography have opened a new direction in full spectrum photography, where careful filtering choices across the ultraviolet, visible and infrared lead to new artistic visions.
Light field photography
This process allows focusing at various depths of field to be selected after the photograph has been captured.
…..and there are also other techniques such as photocopy or xerography machine, photogram, image scanners.
Now, let’s find some worldwide famous photographer and their photos
Jimmy Nelson is a famous photographer from UK and he has been taking amazing photography since 1987.
Rehahn is a french photographer currently settled in Vietnam.
Lee Jeffries is from Manchester, UK and he enjoys travelling around the world to capture black and white portraits of homeless people.
Joe McNally is an award winning photography with international recognition.
Erik Almas is a photographer from Norway, currently living in San Fransisco.
Mario Testino (was born on October 30, 1954) is a Peruvian fashion photographer.
Steve McCurry was born on February 24, 1950 in Pennsylvania, attended Penn State University. Steve McCurry (born February 24, 1950) is an American photojournalist best known for his photograph, “Afghan Girl” that originally appeared in National Geographic magazine.
Timothy Hogan is an award-winning luxury goods and still life photographer and director working in New York, Los Angeles, and London.
Christian Aslund is a photographer based in Stockholm, Sweden.He was a winner in a Professional Campaign.
Now, this captivating moments are really beautiful and creative.
Photography is the essence of captivating the moments, the precious time that we can never go back but virtually…Yes, through this frame.