GAD is an another ugly phase of our life.This anxiety disorder characterized by excessive, uncontrollable and often irrational worry with the apprehensive expectation about events or activities. This excessive worry often interferes with our daily functioning. Individuals with GAD, typically anticipate disaster and are overly concerned about everyday matters such as health issues, money, death, family problems, friendship problems, interpersonal relationship problems, or work difficulties. One may exhibit a variety of physical symptoms, including feeling tired, fidgeting, headaches, numbness in hands and feet, muscle tension, difficulty swallowing, upset stomach, vomiting, diarrhea, breathing difficulty, difficulty concentrating, trembling, irritability, sweating, restlessness, sleeping difficulties, hot flashes, rashes, and inability to fully control the anxiety.
Causes of GAD
This includes the following
- A family history of anxiety – The current investigation examined self-reported family history of psychological problems in a large sample of individuals diagnosed with generalized anxiety disorder (GAD) and nonanxious controls. As research in behavior genetics has progressed in the last several decades, it has become increasingly clear that genetic factors play a considerable role in the development of psychopathology. Though, it should be noted that only gene not play the major role here.
- Recent or prolonged exposure to stressful situations, including personal or family illnesses – It’s normal to feel anxious from time to time, especially if your life is stressful. However, excessive, ongoing stress and worry that are difficult to control and interfere with day-to-day activities will definitely lead the path to generalized anxiety disorder. This also hamper the immune system of our body.
- Excessive use of caffeine or tobacco, which can make existing anxiety worse – Smoking causes breathing problems, which research suggests may play a role in anxiety. The theory is that the brain misinterprets the smoker’s labored breathing and resulting lack of oxygen as a threat of suffocation. The automatic physiological response is heavier breathing and faster pumping by the heart. In people who are susceptible to anxiety, the brain mistakes these responses as signs of panic. With caffeine, on the other hand, it’s the stimulant effect that promotes anxiety. Caffeine can set off a panic attack in someone prone to anxiety by activating the sympathetic nervous system, which launches the body’s response to stress or danger. Many psychiatrists recommend that their anxiety patients eliminate, or at least minimize, their consumption of coffee, energy drinks, caffeinated sodas, and other caffeinated beverages and foods.
- Childhood Abuse – Social and medical science have long suspected that childhood abuse plays a strong role in the development of mental health disorders later in life, especially problems with anxiety disorder and depression. Scientific disciplines that have examined this link include psychology, psychiatry, sociology, and neurology.
But it’s not only the physical….!!!!!
“Stick and stones can break my bones but words will never hurt me” may sound nice in theory, but it isn’t exactly true. While this idiom promotes inner strength when confronted with abuse, it’s not the common reality and Children gets most affected by this, which get reflected in their later age.
What are the symptoms???? How can we, you know detect it????
No worries, it’s pointed out below :
- Excessive, ongoing worry and tension
- An unrealistic view of problems
- Restlessness or a feeling of being “edgy”
- Muscle tension
- Difficulty concentrating
- The need to go to the bathroom frequently
- Trouble in falling or staying asleep
- Being easily startled
In addition, people with GAD often have other anxiety disorders, obsessive-compulsive disorder, clinical depression, or additional problems with drug or alcohol misuse.
Researchers at the University of Cambridge wanted to find out who is most affected by anxiety disorders. To do this, they conducted a systematic review of studies that reported on the proportion of people with anxiety in a variety of contexts around the world, and used rigorous methods to retain the highest quality studies. The results showed that women are almost twice as likely to suffer from anxiety as men.
But why are women more likely to experience anxiety than men?
It’s because of differences in brain chemistry and hormone fluctuations. Reproductive events across a woman’s life are associated with hormonal changes, which have been linked to anxiety. The surge in oestrogen and progesterone that occurs during pregnancy, increases the risk for generalised anxiety disorder, characterised by disturbing and repetitive thoughts, impulses and obsessions that are distressing and debilitating.
But in addition to biological mechanisms, women and men, seem to experience and react to events in their life differently. Women tend to be more prone to stress, which can increase their anxiety. Also, when faced with stressful situations, women and men tend to use different coping strategies.
Women faced with life stressors are more likely to ruminate about them, which can increase their anxiety, while men engage more in active, problem-focused coping. Other studies suggest that women are more likely to experience physical and mental abuse than men, and abuse has been linked to the development of anxiety disorders. Child abuse has been associated with changes in brain chemistry and structure, and according to research, women who have experienced sexual abuse have abnormal blood flow in the hippocampus, a brain region involved in emotion processing.
Children and teen faced a lots of problem and one of them is this GAD. Let’s figure out some important topic on them.
What causes GAD in a child or teen?
Experts believe GAD is caused by both biological and environmental factors. A child may inherit a tendency to be anxious. An imbalance of 2 chemicals in the brain (norepinephrine and serotonin) most likely plays a part.
A child can also learn anxiety and fear from family members and others. For example, a child with a parent who is afraid of thunderstorms may learn to fear thunderstorms. A traumatic event may also cause GAD.
Which children and teens are at risk for GAD?
Children who have parents with an anxiety disorder are more likely to develop GAD. Children who seem more restrained as toddlers may be at more risk for GAD.
What are the symptoms of GAD in a child or teen?
Unlike adults with GAD, children and teens usually don’t realize that their anxiety is more intense than the situation calls for. Children and teens with GAD often need frequent reassurance from the adults in their life.
Each child may have different symptoms. But the most common symptoms of GAD are:
- Many worries about things before they happen
- Many worries about friends, school, or activities
- Constant thoughts and fears about the child’s safety or the parents’ safety
- Refusing to go to school
- Frequent stomachaches, headaches, or other physical complaints
- Muscle aches or tension
- Sleep problems
- Lots of worry about sleeping away from home
- Clingy behavior with family members
- Feeling as though there is a lump in the throat
- Extreme tiredness (fatigue)
- Lack of concentration
- Being easily startled
- Inability to relax
The symptoms of GAD may look like other health problems. Make sure your child sees his or her healthcare provider for a diagnosis.
How is GAD diagnosed in a child or teen?
A child psychiatrist or other mental health expert can diagnose GAD. He or she will do a mental health evaluation of your child.
How is GAD treated in a child or teen?
Children and teens with GAD can’t just pull themselves together and get better. They often need treatment. In many cases, treatment is key to recovery. Untreated, GAD can get worse or become a long-term problem. Treatment will depend on your child’s symptoms, age, and general health. It will also depend on how severe the condition is.
Treatment for GAD may include:
- Cognitive behavioral therapy – A child learns how to better manage anxiety. The goal is also to help a child master the situations that may lead to the anxiety.
- Medicines – Antidepressant or antianxiety medicine may help some children feel calmer.
- Family therapy – Parents play a vital role in any treatment.
- School input – A child’s school may also be involved in care.
How can I help prevent GAD in my child or teen?
If you notice signs of GAD in your child, you can help by seeking an evaluation as soon as possible.
Need to keep in mind,early treatment can ease symptoms and enhance the child’s normal development. It can also improve his or her quality of life.
How can I help my child or teen live with GAD?
As a parent, you play a key role in your child’s treatment. Here are things you can do to help:
- Keep all appointments with your child’s healthcare provider.
- Reassure your child. With GAD, your child may not realize his or her worry is more intense than the situation calls for. Your child will need more reassurance from you and other adults.
- Talk with your child’s healthcare provider about other providers who will be involved in your child’s care. Your child may get care from a team that may include counselors, therapists, social workers, psychologists, and psychiatrists. Your child’s care team will depend on his or her needs and how serious GAD is.
- Tell others about your child’s GAD. Work with your child’s healthcare provider and school to develop a treatment plan. Remind teachers that your child will need extra reassurance.
- Reach out for support from local community services. Being in touch with other parents who have a child with GAD may be helpful.
What does statistics says?
- Based on Age
- Based on Region